Roadrunner Email Settings

Roadrunner email is one of the most popular online email services in the United States. It is primarily operated by Time Warner Cable (TWC) Internet–a leading communication company. If you already have a Roadrunner email account and are looking for a procedure to configure Roadrunner email settings on your device and operating system, this detailed guide comes in handy.

This guide will take you through the method of how to configure roadrunner email settings on iPhone, windows 10 and android. 

Roadrunner Email Settings on iPhone

To access your Roadrunner email account on iPhone, you must enter the correct details of Roadrunner SMTP settings and Roadrunner IMAP settings. In this procedure, the enlisted instructions will guide in setting up your Roadrunner account on iPhone.

  • Open your iPhone device and go to the ‘Settings’ 
roadrunner email settings, spectrum roadrunner email settings, roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner email settings iphone, roadrunner email settings for outlook, roadrunner imap settings, Roadrunner email settings for iPad, Roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner smtp settings, roadrunner email pop3 settings, roadrunner email settings windows 10
  • Now, select the option of ‘Mail, Contacts and Calendars’ to open it
roadrunner email settings, spectrum roadrunner email settings, roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner email settings iphone, roadrunner email settings for outlook, roadrunner imap settings, Roadrunner email settings for iPad, Roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner smtp settings, roadrunner email pop3 settings, roadrunner email settings windows 10
  • Click on ‘Add Account’ and you will be directed to a new page
roadrunner email settings, spectrum roadrunner email settings, roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner email settings iphone, roadrunner email settings for outlook, roadrunner imap settings, Roadrunner email settings for iPad, Roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner smtp settings, roadrunner email pop3 settings, roadrunner email settings windows 10
  • Here, scroll down all the options and click on ‘Other’ as Roadrunner is amongst the given options
roadrunner email settings, spectrum roadrunner email settings, roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner email settings iphone, roadrunner email settings for outlook, roadrunner imap settings, Roadrunner email settings for iPad, Roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner smtp settings, roadrunner email pop3 settings, roadrunner email settings windows 10
  • Hit the button of ‘Add Mail Account’ and enter the below-mentioned login credentials
    • First and Last Name 
    • Email Address 
    • Password 
roadrunner email settings, spectrum roadrunner email settings, roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner email settings iphone, roadrunner email settings for outlook, roadrunner imap settings, Roadrunner email settings for iPad, Roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner smtp settings, roadrunner email pop3 settings, roadrunner email settings windows 10
  • Choose the ‘POP’ option and enter the inbound and outbound mail server details in the following manner:
    • Enter ‘pop-server.ec.rr.com’ under the ‘Inbound Mail Server’ 
    • Enter your ‘Email Address’ as ‘Username’ for example: abcd1234@ec.rr.com 
    • Now, provide the ‘Password’ of Roadrunner email account 
    • Type ‘110’ to set the port number of the Inbound server 
  • After entering Roadrunner email pop3 settings, read and follow the below-mentioned topics:
    • Enter ‘smtp.roadrunner.com’ as the ‘Outbound Mail Server’ 
    • Type ‘587’ to set the port number of Outbound server 
  • After Roadrunner SMTP settings as well, in the end, hit the button of ‘Save’ to make sure the changes are saved.
roadrunner email settings, spectrum roadrunner email settings, roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner email settings iphone, roadrunner email settings for outlook, roadrunner imap settings, Roadrunner email settings for iPad, Roadrunner email server settings, roadrunner smtp settings, roadrunner email pop3 settings, roadrunner email settings windows 10

Once you read and implement the aforementioned instruction on the Windows system, your Roadrunner email account will be successfully set up. 

Roadrunner Email Settings on Windows 10

Need instructions on Easy Steps To Configure Roadrunner Email Settings Windows 10, here are the correct steps to assist you. Read and follow all the steps one by one to access your Roadrunner account in Windows 10.

  • Click on ‘Start’ on your Windows 10 operating system
  • Select the tab of ‘Windows Live Mail’ to open it
  • Navigate yourself towards the ‘Accounts’
  • Drop down the ‘Accounts’ section and click in the ‘Email’ icon
  • Here, enter your Roadrunner email login credentials as given below:
    • Email Address 
    • Password 

(If you want your password to be remembered, check the option of ‘Remember this password’

  • Under the option of ‘Display name for your sent messages’, provide a ‘Username Or ‘Full Name’
  • Check the box of ‘Manually configure the server settings’ and click on the ‘Next’ option
  • Select either ‘IMAP’ or ‘POP3’ in the ‘Type of Server’ and dropdown the section.

Note: The difference between IMAP and POP3 is that POP downloads the emails onto an email client whereas IMAP drops the emails on the server itself and emails remain on the server hence various devices and email clients can access the messages.

  • Read and enter the below details if you have selected  POP3 from the given options
    • The Type of Account: POP3
    • Enter ‘mail.twc.com’ under POP3 – Incoming Mail Server
    • Enter ‘110’ as POP3 Incoming Server Port Number 
    • Enter ‘mail.twc.com’ as SMTP – Outgoing Mail Server 
    • Enter ‘587’ as SMTP Outgoing Server Port Number 
    • Check ‘Service requires authentication’
    • Enter your active ‘Roadrunner email address’ as ‘Username’ 
    • Enter the ‘Password’ for Inbound and Outbound server 
  • Read and enter the below details if you have selected IMAP from the given options
    • The Type of Account: IMAP
    • Enter the ‘mail.twc.com’ under IMAP – Incoming Mail Server
    • Enter ‘143’ as IMAP Incoming Server Port Number 
    • Enter ‘mail.twc.com’ as SMTP – Outgoing Mail Server 
    • Enter ‘587’ as SMTP Outgoing Server Port Number 
    • Enter the ‘Password’ and check ‘Service requires authentication’
    • Enter your active ‘Roadrunner email address’ as ‘Username’ 
    • Enter the ‘Password’ for Inbound and Outbound server 
  • After entering the correct details, click on ‘Next’

If you further want to make changes in your Roadrunner email account using your Windows 10 then click on ‘Properties’ follow the on-screen instructions. 

Roadrunner Email Server Settings On Android Device

If you are wondering ‘how do I set up Roadrunner email on my Android device’ then you must follow the below-mentioned instructions.

  • Open the ‘Mail’ application on your Android phone
  • Provide your ‘Roadrunner Login Address’ and click on the ‘Next’ tab
  • Select the option of ‘POP3’ and click on the ‘Next’ tab
  • Here, enter the correct ‘Roadrunner Login Password’ and again click on the ‘Next’ option
  • On the new page, enter the following ‘Incoming Server Settings’
    • Enter your Roadrunner email address as your ‘Username’ for example: abcd@maine.rr.com 
    • Provide the correct passcode of the aforementioned email address as ‘Password’ 
    • Enter ‘pop-server.maine.rr.com’ as the ‘POP3 Server’ 
    • Enter ‘110’ as the POP3 Port Number 
    • Select ‘None’ as the POP3 Security Type 
  • After entering the correct aforementioned details click on ‘Next’ and choose the ‘SMTP’ as ‘Outgoing Server Settings’
  • In this page, enter the below-mentioned details:
    • ‘Check’ the option of ‘Require Sign In’
    • Fill your ‘Email Address’ as ’Username’
    • Enter the correct password of the above email address under ‘Password’
    • Enter ‘587’ as the ‘SMTP Port Number’ 
    • Choose ‘None’ in front of ‘SMTP Security type’ 
    • Enter a ‘Name’ you would want the receivers to see under the ‘Your Name’ option 

Once all the details have been entered correctly, click on the ‘Next’.

After you follow all the aforementioned instructions, your Roadrunner email account will be configured on the ‘Mail’ application of your Android phone successfully. Now, enjoy emailing whenever you want on your Android phone.

Looking for a procedure to configure Spectrum Roadrunner email settings in Windows? Read below.

Manual Procedure Of Spectrum Roadrunner Email Settings

If you are not able to set up a Roadrunner email account on your operating system then follow the below-mentioned effective steps.

  • Open your operating system and double-click on the ‘Mail’ application from the ‘Menu’
  • Click on the ‘My Accounts’ to begin with the process
  • Select the tab of ‘Add Account’
  • In this new portal, enter your existing Roadrunner Login credentials such as Roadrunner email address, Roadrunner login username and the password for the mentioned email account.

Note: Make sure that the email address ends with ‘@__.rr.com

  • Untick the option of ‘Automatically configure the email account’
  • Choose the option of ‘Next’ an head to the ‘General Settings’
  • Cross-check with the information that you have entered are correct or not, if you found no flaw click on ‘Ok’
  • Drop down the section of ‘Incoming Server’
  • Select the ‘POP3 mail server’
  • Enter ‘pop-server.si.rr.com’ under the Roadrunner POP3 settings
  • Enter 110 or 995 as the POP port number
  • Provide you authentic Roadrunner email address and password
  • Untick the ‘Use the secure server’ and ‘Verify certificate’ respectively
  • Hit the button of ‘Ok’ and drop down the section of ‘Outgoing Server’
  • Select the option of ‘SMTP mail server’
  • Enter ‘smtp-server.si.rr.com’ under the Roadrunner SMTP settings
  • Enter 25 or 587 as the SMTP port number
  • Provide you authentic Roadrunner email address and password
  • Untick the ‘Use the secure server’ and ‘Verify certificate’ respectively
  • Select one among ‘1/2/3 week’ to select the time period of emails that will be kept on your operating system.
  • Click on ‘Ok’ to finally configure your Roadrunner email account.

Roadrunner Email Settings for Outlook

We often keep more than one email account to organize our personal and business life. Having more than one email account helps us to manage the growing number of regular emails. Whereas, sometimes, it becomes difficult to manage two accounts on two different devices. But, you no need to worry if you are a Roadrunner account holder as if you want to configure your Roadrunner Email Settings on another email client, for example, Outlook. Here are the necessary steps you should follow to do so. Follow the steps and read all the emails received on both the accounts in one place.

  • Open ‘Outlook’ application on your windows and sign in to your account by providing your Outlook login credentials
  • Navigate yourself towards the ‘File’ and click on the ‘Add Account’ 
  • Select the option of ‘Additional Server Types’ or ‘Manually Configure Server Settings’ 
  • Under the ‘Type of Account’ select the ‘Internet Email’ and enter the following credentials:
    • First and Last Name 
    • Roadrunner Email Address 
  • Now, drop down the list of ‘Account Type’ and select the option of ‘POP3’
  • As the ‘Incoming Mail Server’, enter ‘pop-server.domain.rr.com’
  • And under the ‘Outgoing Mail Server’, type: smpt-server.domain.rr.com
  • Provide your Roadrunner Username and Password and tick the option of ‘Remember my Password’
  • Click on the ‘Next’ tab and to finish the procedure, hit the button of ‘Finish’ and ‘Close’ respectively. 

Once you enter the aforementioned Roadrunner email settings for Outlook, your RR email account will be configured on the Outlook email account. Now, you can read, send, and receive email on both accounts in one place. If a user has more than a Roadrunner email account, adding multiple accounts to an Outlook can also be possible.

Roadrunner IMAP Settings

Many of the users are not known of the Roadrunner email pop3 settings and why it is important to install on your computer system.

Roadrunner POP3 settings or Roadrunner IMAP settings are standard email protocols that allow the account holder to read and manipulate the incoming emails on their operating system. IMAP that is Internet Message Access Protocol stores and synchronizes the emails on the mail server and with the computer, whereas the POP3 mail server allows the users to download the emails on the inbox. 

On the other side, Roadrunner SMTP settings allow the Roadrunner account holders to send and forward emails.

Below are the step-by-step Roadrunner email pop3 settings and SMTP settings that you need to follow to set up Roadrunner mail on your operating system.

  • Start your operating system and Open the ‘Mail, Contacts, and Calendar’ tab
  • Hit the tab of ‘Add Mail Account’
  • Here, enter all the below-mentioned necessary details, i.e.
    • First and Last Name
    • Roadrunner Email Address
    • Roadrunner Email Password
    • Enter ‘Roadrunner’ in the ‘Description’ box
  • Now, the server will verify your Roadrunner account details, once they are verified, follow the next steps
  • Select the ‘Roadrunner email POP3 settings’ under the ‘Incoming Mail Server’ option, here, you will be expected to enter the server details once the verification is complete.
  • Once the POP3 settings have been chosen, enter the following details correctly
    • Roadrunner Email Address in the ‘Username’ space 
    • Roadrunner Password in the ‘Password’ section
    • Roadrunner Hostname – ‘Pop-server.dc.rr.com’
  • After entering the correct details, click on the ‘Submit’

The aforementioned details were for incoming emails on your Roadrunner account. Similarly, you will have to enter the Roadrunner SMTP settings for sending and forwarding the emails. Follow the below-mentioned steps and configure the rest of the Roadrunner email settings.

  • Enter ‘mobile-smtp.roadrunner.com in the place of the Outgoing hostname.
  • Provide your Roadrunner login credentials like Username, Password, Email Address, etc.
  • After entering the valid information of Roadrunner Incoming and Outgoing Settings, hit the button of ‘Save’
  • To pass the verification step, provide your Roadrunner Username and Password again.
  • In the new page, you will be asked to select the type of the ‘Security Encrypted’, here confirm ‘SSL’ and type the Server port number as ‘25’
  • Now proceed towards the next step by clicking on ‘Done’ 

After this, you will be redirected to the previous page, there click on the ‘Advanced’ tab and cross-check the Roadrunner SMTP Settings before entering the POP3 settings

  • Enter ‘pop-server-dc.rr.com’ in the POP3 server and select ‘No’ as the ‘Security Encrypted’

At the end of the process, click on ‘Done’ and you will be successfully configured Roadrunner Email Settings on your computer.

Why choose us for Roadrunner Email Settings?

Hope the aforementioned steps have helped you. In any case, if you encounter any difficulties in following these instructions, you can contact our Roadrunner email experts, our technical experts will help you implement Roadrunner Email Settings. Call the experts at the toll-free number. Stay tuned for more such guides.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Related to Roadrunner Email Settings
Q. What are the Server settings for the Roadrunner Email?

You can configure Roadrunner email settings by using either POP3 or IMAP protocols. The following are the correct settings, apply as per your preferences, through both protocols:

Roadrunner Email POP3 Settings
POP3 Port No.: 110
POP3 Server: pop-server.ec.rr.com

SMTP Port No.: 587
Outgoing Server or SMTP Server: smtp.Roadrunner.com

Security Encrypted : TLS or SSL for both the servers

Roadrunner IMAP Settings
IMAP Port No.: 993
IMAP Server: mail.twc.com

Outgoing server or SMTP Server: mail.twc.com
SMTP Port No.: 587

Security Encrypted: TLS or SSL for both the servers
After entering the aforementioned Roadrunner email settings, your RR account will be configured.

Q. How do I Access My Roadrunner Email Settings?

Here are the successful instructions to access the correct Roadrunner email settings

1: Log in to your Roadrunner email account 
2: Select the ‘POP3 Server’ as Incoming and Outgoing server
3: Enter the following details under ‘Roadrunner Email POP3 Settings’

110 as the POP3 Port Number 
Mail.twc.com as the hostname 

4: Enter the following details under ‘Roadrunner SMTP Settings’

587 as the SMTP Port Number 
Mail.twc.com as the hostname

5: Select ‘SSL’ or ‘TLS’ as the ‘Security Encrypted Type’ and click on the ‘Ok’ button. 

After entering the correct server information, refresh or reboot your operating system and sign in to your email account on Roadrunner.

Q. How do I Recover My Roadrunner Email?

If you have forgotten your Roadrunner login password and want to recover your account, follow the below-mentioned steps:

1: Head to the official website of Roadrunner and sign-in by providing your Roadrunner login credentials
2: Hit the tab of ‘Forgot my password?’ by skipping the ‘Password’ section
3: Provide your Roadrunner login address again to confirm yourself and to proceed towards the ‘Reset your password’
4: Before it, type the characters shown in the cache box and hit on ‘Submit’
5: In the new page, provide your Roadrunner cable modem ID (12 characters). Make sure you skip the dashes and write the alphanumeric character in one go while entering modem ID.
6: Now, click on the ‘Submit’ button.
7: Select the Security question and provide the correct answer to it.
8: Tap on the ‘Reset password’ and type a brand ‘New password’.
9: Enter the ‘New Password’ again to confirm your choice 
10: At last, hit the tab of ‘Reset Password’.

After applying the steps mentioned above, you will be redirected to the login page of Roadrunner. Now, you must enter the email address with the new password to access your emails.

Q. What is the Incoming and Outgoing Mail Server for Spectrum?

Mail Servers in Spectrum Roadrunner allows the users to send and receive emails using the SMTP and POP3 or IMAP protocols respectively. 

1. The IMAP as well as POP3 protocols allow users to download and read the incoming emails on various operating systems.

2. The correct Spectrum Roadrunner SMTP settings allow the user to send, forward, and reply emails, SMTP protocol manages the outgoing emails.

Q. How do I set up My Roadrunner Email in Outlook?

You can connect your Roadrunner account to Outlook, and access both the accounts in one place at one time. To check emails received on both the accounts in one place, follow the enlisted steps:

1: Open Outlook account and hit on the ‘File’ tab.
2: Choose the ‘Add Account’ option and select the ‘Manually configure the server settings’.
3: Tap on the ‘Internet E-mail’ and enter the correct Roadrunner login address and also provide the password for the same ID.
4: Choose ‘Roadrunner email POP3 settings’ under the ‘Type of Account’ and provide the following details:

* POP3 server hostname: ‘pop-server.domain.rr.com’
* SMTP server: ‘smtp-server.domain.rr.com’

5: Provide your ‘Roadrunner Email Address and Password’ and then tap on the ‘Next’ button
6: Once you have successfully entered the settings, hit the ‘Close’ and ‘Finish’ buttons respectively.

After applying all the prior steps, Outlook will automatically download all the emails stored on Roadrunner.

Q. Is there a problem with Roadrunner Email Settings?

At times, Roadrunner services do not allow you to send emails and you are not able to receive emails either. This happens due to several problems in email settings, some of them are the mentioned below:

Issues in Roadrunner email POP3 settings
Incorrect Roadrunner IMAP settings 
Problems in outgoing mail server

Q. How do I set up My Spectrum Roadrunner Email on My iPhone?

If you want to set up your Roadrunner email account on iPhone, you must follow the enlisted instructions:

1: Start ‘Mail’ application on your iOS device and hit the ‘Settings’ tab
2: Select the ‘Passwords and Account’ section and enter the following details:

Roadrunner email address
First and Last name
Password 

3: After entering the correct details, click on ‘Next’
4: Outlook will ask you to enter ‘Spectrum Roadrunner email settings’, enter the given details:

Protocol Name : IMAP (Incoming Mail Server)
IMAP Port No.: 993
IMAP Server Hostname: mobile.charter.net
Protocol Name : SMTP (Outgoing Mail Server)
SMTP Port No.: 587
SMTP Server Hostname: mobile.charter.net
Security Encryption Type: SSL or TLS
Username: Spectrum Roadrunner Email Address
Password: Correct Password 

5: Tick the option of ‘Requires Authentication’ and hit on ‘Submit’
After a quick follow up of the aforementioned steps, you will be able to access Spectrum emails on your iPhone.

Q. What is the SMTP Server for Spectrum?

SMTP Mail server allows the users to send, reply, and forward emails to as many contacts as they want. Configure the correct Roadrunner SMTP settings and send emails in no time. Enter the following details, step by step.

Account Type – SMTP (Outgoing Mail Server)
SMTP Username: Roadrunner Email Address
SMTP Authentication: Password for the mentioned email ID
SMTP Server Hostname: mobile.charter.net 
Security Encryption(SSL/ TLS): No

After entering the details, drop a test mail to any of your contacts and see if Roadrunner SMTP settings are configured correctly.

Q. What is the Port for Roadrunner Email Settings?

The Incoming Server Port Number (IMAP) is 995 and the Outgoing Server Port Number (SMTP) is 587. These Port Numbers will enable you to receive and send emails from your Roadrunner email account.

Q. How Do I Set Up A Roadrunner Email On iPad?

Want to set up your Roadrunner email account on iPad? Follow the enlisted instructions one by one.

1: Go to the ‘Settings’ section on your iPad and choose ‘Mail, Contacts and Calendars’ option
2: Hit on the ‘Add account’ option and select the ‘other’ tab as Roadrunner is not mentioned in the list.
3: Choose ‘Add mail account’ and enter the following required details:

First and Last Name
RR Login Address
RR Login Password

4: Select the option of ‘Incoming Mail Server’ and drop down the list, Select ‘POP3’ as the incoming mail server and enter the following details:

POP3 Server Hostname: pop-server.dc.rr.com
Roadrunner Email Address as POP3 Username
Roadrunner Email Password as POP3 Password

5: Select the option of ‘Outgoing Mail Server’, drop down the list and select ‘SMTP’ to type down the following details:

SMTP Server Hostname: smtp-server.dc.rr.com
Roadrunner Email Address as SMTP Username
Roadrunner Email Password as SMTP Password

6: Hit on the ‘Save’ button and choose your ‘Roadrunner Login Address’
7: Go back to the last page, select ‘Outgoing Mail Server’ and type the required details and hit on ‘Done’

Security Encryption(SSL/ TLS): No
SMTP Server Port Number.: 25

8: Again go back to the last page, choose the ‘Advanced’ option and type the required details:

Security Encryption(SSL/ TLS): No
POP3 Server Hostname: pop-servre.dc.rr.com

9. Hit the button of ‘Submit’ and click on ‘Restart’ to start your iPad fresh.

Q. What are the IMAP Server Settings for Roadrunner Email?

IMAP Protocol is the incoming mail server of Roadrunner emails, it enables the users to read and download the incoming emails to read. Configure Roadrunner IMAP settings by following the subsequent required details. 
 
Account Type – IMAP (Incoming Mail Server)
IMAP Username: Roadrunner Email Address
IMAP Authentication: Password for the mentioned email ID
IMAP Server Hostname: mail.twc.com 
Security Encryption: (SSL/ TLS)

Q. Is Roadrunner Webmail Down?

The users often face Roadrunner mail down error due to several technical glitches. If you want to get rid of such errors, follow the troubleshoot tips. 

Before heading to the troubleshooting tips, let’s know the error closely. Below are the reasons why RR Mail Down error occurs:

1. Providing wrong Roadrunner login password again and again 
2. The unsolicited server would result in no Roadrunner emails being sent or received 
3. Wrong Roadrunner Email POP3 Settings can create problem in downloading the emails 
4. Slow and Lose Internet Connection

However, you can always get rid of any Roadrunner email down error by implementing one or more of the enlisted troubleshooting methods:

1. Configure correct Roadrunner IMAP and SMTP Settings 
2. Stop accessing through the third party websites. Always prefer login through the original website that is www.RR.com
3. Fix the Internet Connection issues 
4. Cross-check the entered Roadrunner login credentials and always remember to turn ‘Off’ the ‘Caps Lock’ key while entering the password.

Q. How Do I Log Into Roadrunner Email?

Log in to your Roadrunner email account by following the subsequent instructions. 

1: Head to the Roadrunner Login page
2: Under the ‘Email’ section and enter the Roadrunner Login credentials:

Roadrunner Email address
Password for the same ID

3: Hit the option of ‘Log in’ 

Once you follow the easy 3-step procedure mentioned above, you can access your Roadrunner email account.

Q. How Do I Get My Roadrunner Email On My Android Phone?

If you access your Roadrunner email account on your Android device, configure the correct Roadrunner email settings by following the below-mentioned steps: 

1: Go to the ‘Email’ app on the Android phone
2: Enter your Roadrunner email address and hit on the ‘Next’ button
3: Type your ‘Password’ for the same login address and click on ‘Next’
4: Select the ‘Incoming Server Settings’ and drop down the lit to choose ‘IMAP’ and hit on the ‘Next’.
5: Enter the following details:

Protocol Name : IMAP (Incoming Mail Server)
IMAP Port No.: 993
IMAP Server Hostname: imap-server.maine.rr.com
Roadrunner email address 
Password

6: Select the option of ‘Outgoing Server Settings’, drop down list and select ‘SMTP’. Now, enter the required details

Protocol Name : SMTP (Outgoing Mail Server)
SMTP Port No.: 25
SMTP Server Hostname: smtp-server.maine.rr.com
Roadrunner email address 
Password

7: Select the ‘SSL or TLS’ as ‘Security Type’ and click on ‘Next’
8: Hit the ‘Next button and type the ‘Full Name’ 
9: At last, hit the ‘Finish’ button to end the setup.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *